USIMD logo
  USIMD home USIMD log In Sign Up!
USIMD Life : Your Healthy Living. Click Here!
Welcome, USIMD.com medical contents search November 1, 2014
       USIMD Life
       Medical Supplies
       Calorie Count
       Self-Diagnosis
       Physician Search
       Message Board
      E-mail Doctor
      E-mail Veterinarian
      Self-Diagnosis
      Health-O-Matic Meter
      Calorie Count
      Natural Medicine
      Vitamins & Minerals
      Alternative Living
      My Health Chart
      Diseases & Treatments
      Atlas of Diseases
      Sexually Transmitted
      Diseases
      Drug Information
      Illegal Drugs
      Lab & Diagnostic Tests
      Internal Medicine
      Women’s Health
      Pediatrics
      Eye Disorders
      Skin Disorders
      Headache
      Mental Health
      Radiology
      Neurology
      Allergy
      Resource Links
      Physician Directory
      Dentist Directory
      Hospital Directory





Desert Fever

more about Desert Fever


San Joaquin fever, coccidiomycosis or valley fever



  • This is a fungal infection caused by Coccidioides immitis, which comes from a mold that grows in the soil of the southwestern US (especially deserts of Arizona), Mexico, and Central and South America.  The infection occurs when dust containing this mold is inhaled.  It is not spread person-to-person.  Most individuals have an uncomplicated syndrome that lasts about 3 months.  The more severe disease syndromes occur usually (but not always) in those with risk factors, or in certain ethnic groups.

  • Common Infection (in most cases):
    1. Flu-like illness of dry cough, fatigue, headache, and backache
    2. Joint aches and swelling may occur
    3. Rash
  • Severe Infection:
    1. Lymph node enlargement
    2. Lung abscesses
    3. Diffuse lung disease
    4. Meningitis

  • Skin test -- becomes positive in 3 weeks to 2-3 months and may last indefinitely.
  • Blood titer test (IgM antibody rises within 2 weeks and disappears in 2 months; IgG rises within 1-3 months)
  • Spinal tap if Meningitis suspected
  • Cultures of sputum, joint fluid, or wounds may grow the fungus.
  • Imaging

- Chest X-Ray will show cavities, infiltrate, enlarged hilar nodes, or mediastinal nodes.


  • Filipinos
  • African Americans
  • HIV-infected individuals
  • Immuno-suppressed individuals (e.g., taking cancer chemotherapy)

  • Uncomplicated syndrome -- no treatment
  • Disseminated syndrome -- amphotericin B intravenously
  • Meningitis -- Amphotericin B intravenously followed by oral fluconazole indefinitely in severe cases
  • Severe cases limited to chest only -- oral fluconazole or similar oral medications
  • Surgical treatment if abscess forms and/or ruptures




more about Desert Fever


If you want your friend to read or know about this article, Click here






medical contents search

Home   |   About Us   |   Contact Us   |   Employment Ad   |   Help

Terms and Conditions under which this service is provided to you. Read our Privacy Policy.
Copyright © 2002 - 2003 USIMD, Inc All right reserved.